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About Wild Boars

About Wild Boars

A wild pig (Sus scrofa) of Eurasia and northern Africa, having dark dense bristles. It is the ancestor of the domestic hog.

Class: Mammalia: Mammals
Diet: Roots & Tubers
Order: Artiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates
Size: body: 1.1 - 1.3 m (3 1/2 - 4 1/2 ft), tail: 15 - 20 cm (6 - 7 3/4 in)
Family: Suidae: Pigs
Conservation Status: Non-threatened
Scientific Name: Sus scrofa
Habitat: forest, woodland
Range: Southern and central Europe, Northwestern Africa; through Asia to Siberia, south to Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Southeast Asia; introduced in USA

The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. It lives in woodlands in central Europe, the Mediterranean regions, across southern Asia and as far as Indonesia. Animals similar to the wild boar include the warthog of Africa and the peccary or javelina of the American Southwest; but these animals do not share the pig’s taxonomic genus.

The wild boar for a long time was extinct in Great Britain, although some are farmed for their meat. In recent decades escaped wild boars have bred into a new wild population in some areas, particularly the Weald. They are capable of causing serious injury and are best avoided.

Agile Animal

An agile, fast-moving animal, the wild boar is aggressive if alarmed; males use their strong tusks for defense. The breeding season varies according to regional climate, but in Europe, wild boars mate in winter and give birth to a litter of up to 10 striped young in spring or early summer after a gestation of about 115 days.